Date of birth:
25 January, 1912 in el Carmen de Bolívar, Bolívar, Colombia.
23 April 1994 in Bogotá, Colombia.
Master Luis Eduardo Bermúdez, better known as Lucho Bermudez, was a composer, arranger, conductor and performer, becoming the musician more representative and distinguished from Colombia in the 20th century. Five generations of Colombian and Latin American have sung and danced their subjects. His music is the influence of the sound of the great jazz bands on the tropical rhythms of the Caribbean Colombian like bolero, cumbia, porro and the merecumbe.
At 4 years of age he began studying the flute under the baton of his uncle, maestro José María Montes. He lived in El Carmen de Bolívar to age 9 and moved to Santa Marta, in where at the age of 11 he entered the military band. There he learned to play the trombone, trumpet and saxophone, but leaned by the flute and clarinet.
Also began as arranger and composer of military marches and some waltzes as tears of a mother. He led bands in Mompos, Aracataca, Chiruguana, the Bank and other populations in the region.
His orchestral career and the international scene
After 18 years in Santa Marta, he traveled to Cartagena, where he directed the Orchestra A number 1, Master José Pianeta Pitalúa, pioneer in style jazz band. In 1936 he was the musical director of the Orchestra of radio sources and joined Radio Cartagena, collaborating with the first albums recorded in Colombia. In 1939, he founded the Orchestra of the Caribbean and made his first recording with themes such as Marbella, Cartagenerita, Joselito Carnaval and drunkenness.
In 1944, he traveled to Bogotá for the opening of the Metropolitan Night Club, wearing Gala coastal music and achieving it was accepted in the interior of the country. There he spread his music in several United States radio stations, livening up live radio programs.
In 1946 came out for the first time in the country to Buenos Aires, Argentina, in the company of Matilde Díaz, voice that you gave a style and an identity to your music. He formed an orchestra of 22 musicians (among them the master Eugenio Nóbile and Eduardo Armani) and recorded around 60 issues in the House record label RCA Victor. From there his work began to be disseminated to other countries in Latin America, Cuba, Mexico and Peru.
After several months of travel and recordings he returned to Bogota and presented in society the Lucho Bermudez Orchestra, on July 15, 1947, at the Hotel Granada, starting an intense agenda of presentations, tours and recordings that would last his entire life.
In 1948 he settled in Medellín for 15 years, where he worked as plant at Hotel Nutibara, at the country Club and as a musical artistic director of the radio station the voice of Antioquia. The capital of Antioquia became record company headquarters more important country and there he recorded the theme Salsipuedes who turned it into an authentic popular Idol.
In 1950, he moved to Mexico, where he met and worked with musicians such as Benny Moré, Dámaso Pérez Prado and Tito Rodríguez and recorded around 80 discs. In 1951 he travelled to Cuba, at the invitation of Ernesto Lecuona, where worked and recorded for more than six months with groups such as La Sonora Matancera, La Billo’s Caracas Boys and Los Melódicos, among others. It also made presentations in the major cities of United States as New York, Los Angeles, Miami, San Francisco, Las Vegas and Washington. He was also invited to Venezuela, Costa Rica and Ecuador. Subsequently returned to Bogotá where work with his Orchestra until the 23 April 1994, date of his death.
The master Lucho Bermudez composed around 1000 topics, including porros, cumbias, bagpipes, fandangos, mapalés, walks, meringues, whirlwinds, corridors, joropos, bossa novas, tangos, mambos, chirivicos, chachacha, sauces, guarachas, joropos and jalaitos, demonstrating his versatility to incorporate into different genres. He also invented new rhythms such as the tumbason and the patacumbia. The best artists and orchestras have performed their music as: Hugo Romani, Leo Marini. Gregorio Barrios, Bienvenido Granda, Jaime Llano Gonzalez, Leonor González Mina, Carmina Gallo, the Sonora Matancera, Benny Moré, Pacho Galan, Juanes, Tego Calderón, La Billo’s Caracas Boys, Los Melódicos and Tito Rodríguez, among others.
Lucho Bermudez Orchestra still continues performing successfully on national and international stages being the more permanence in Colombia. His daughter Patricia Bermudez is clarinetist and Director of the Orchestra and also representative of the Dear Earth Foundation aims to spread the legacy of master Lucho Bermudez.